Behind successful racing cars, impressive luxury cars with timeless designs and about 1,000 patents to his name, Ettore Bugatti once set out Bugatti’s mission with the accompanying criteria of perfection. with the goal of innovation no matter in any aspect. Up to now, the next generation continues to inherit and promote this criterion and build a solid Bugatti brand in a new era.
Ettore’s steadfast ambition to innovate and improve car models and passion for speed were evident from the first days of his career. From a very young age, he designed his own motorized tricycle and he himself competed in the Paris-Bordeaux race. Not long after, he left Prinetti and Stucchi to begin building his own car model with the sponsorship of Count Gulinelli. Ettore Bugatti built his first car with every detail from the engine to the body designed by him.
The manufacturing and machining of the parts were carefully supervised by Ettore Bugatti and he personally assembled these details. The unique car he built brought Ettore many successes and awards, attracting the attention of the De Dietrich company, which hired him to design and build the car. Ettore was still so young that his father at that time had to sign contracts on his behalf.
Ettore Bugatti was a naturally talented and gifted engineer who, despite having no formal training, was still able to master manufacturing and repairing complex designs. His father, Carlo Bugatti, soon recognized his talent in repairing a motorized three-wheeled vehicle. He then persuaded Ettore to become an apprentice at the Prinetti and Stucchi factory at the age of 16.
Ettore’s unwavering belief and passion for automobiles was strongly expressed right from the early days of the development of the automobile industry. In the early 20th century, cars had not yet become a popular vehicle nor were they considered a long-term solution. For many people, cars were considered something reserved for the European and especially French bourgeoisie to enjoy the elegant pleasures of racing.
While working at De Dietrich, his tendency to develop ideas ahead of his time was gradually concretized through the car models he built. In 1903, he built a car for the Paris-Madrid race, placing the driver’s seat low in the chassis to lower the center of gravity and give the car aerodynamic efficiency. This revolutionary solution so pioneering that the car was not even allowed to race because it did not match the style of racing cars of the time.
In 1907, when Ettore officially became head of production for engine manufacturer Deutz, Ettore continued to develop his own ideas. While creating cars with larger sizes and high-powered engines for their owners, he built cars that went against the trend of the time with unique dimensions that were both small and light.
In 1909, Type 10, also known as “Pur Sang”, was officially completed and shipped. The powerful 1.2 liter 4-cylinder engine is capable of producing 10 horsepower and weighs only 365 kg and can reach a maximum speed of 80 km/h. The overhead camshaft operated two valves per cylinder suspended in a cast iron block and this was considered an innovation in Ettore’s own thinking. The camshaft is connected to the crankshaft via a vertical taper shaft, with power transmitted from the engine to the rear wheels via a multi-plate clutch and drive shaft.
Ettore was one of the first to use racing as a platform to demonstrate the true greatness of his cars by displaying them to the public. Ettore Bugatti’s engineering prowess and passion for speed and power shined through in implementing innovations in the automotive industry. History shows that this long-standing philosophy was adopted by Bugatti’s competitors as they also tried to follow Ettore in using the racetrack as a stage for their cars.
At the 1911 French Grand Prix, Bugatti entered the race with a modified Type 10 known as the Type 13 driven by racing driver Ernest Friedrich. The car ranks up there with cars nearly twice as heavy, with engines nearly three times as large. But Ettore Bugatti’s vision and determination were proven with the race car finishing in second place.
Modern and timeless car models
Ettore Bugatti’s passion for his creations was translated into several patents secured for a new racing car called the Type 35. The car was equipped with double roller bearings and bearings. three are used, allowing engines with eight pistons to rotate at speeds of up to 6000 rpm. The car uses Ettore Bugatti’s improved and patented alloy wheels, creating a lighter and faster car for racing.
Ettore’s desire to build increasingly faster and more powerful cars was successful when the first Type 35 could reach speeds of more than 190 km/h, easily surpassing all competitors. In the Type 35 B model, Ettore Bugatti created a 2.3-liter 8-cylinder engine and supercharger, the capacity increased to 140 horsepower and the maximum speed could be achieved up to more than 215 km/h.
The Type 35 participated in the Targa Florio race in Sicily, Italy for the first time in 1925 and immediately brought home victory the first time it participated. The Type 35 car continued to win this race four more times after that. The Type 35 won some 2,000 races in the early 1930s, becoming the most successful racing car ever produced.
Master in many professionsPart of the great success of Ettore Bugatti’s career was that his mastery of engineering manufacturing extended across the entire field of automotive development and beyond. After creating the Type 35, Bugatti then presented the longest and most luxurious car ever seen at that time called the Type 41 Royale. For this model, only the most elite customers of the era were confirmed by Ettore to buy the Type 41, many of whom were kings and members of the aristocracy.
The car is equipped with a straight eight-cylinder engine with a capacity of up to 12.8 liters and is capable of producing about 300 horsepower. This vehicle weighing nearly 3.5 tons can reach a maximum speed of up to 200 km/h. The dry-sump lubrication system pumped 23 liters of oil to the required areas and 43 liters of coolant oil kept the temperature balanced. A vertical shaft connects the crankshaft and camshaft together, the long crankshaft rests on nine plain bearings. A multi-plate dry clutch is routed through a three-speed transmission sending power to the rear wheels. Bugatti has doubled the 1/4 elliptical suspension on the axles to achieve greater comfort. The car has sturdy alloy wheels with air intakes to ensure that the large brake drums do not overheat.
Just being good is not enough
Ettore Bugatti’s extraordinary inventions are the result of his goal of constantly improving technology and details. He created his own distillery because he was unhappy with the paint his suppliers sold him. Ettore Bugatti once designed his own bicycle because he believed that the best bikes on the market weren’t good enough. And when he wanted to buy his son Roland a toy car, he built the now famous Bugatti Type 52 toy car.
Ettore’s patents also span other fields such as a cylindrical razor, an ultra-light frame for bicycles and motorbikes, safety locks, etc. The ingenious inventor even created a lever. Casting rods for anglers. He also designed countless items for practical everyday use that were not patented such as gates, doors, lights, armchairs, surgical instruments, horse harnesses and curtains. book.